What Is An Excel Formula?

Most people use Excel to crunch numbers and make charts. But what are some of the hidden powers that Excel has? In this article, we’ll take a look at some of the most common Excel formulas and see how they can be used to improve your work. From simple calculations to more complex tasks, learning about Excel formulas can make your work in the spreadsheet application more efficient and effective. So read on for some tips on using formulas to improve your work in Excel.

What is an Excel Formula?

An Excel formula is a set of instructions that you enter into an Excel workbook to calculate specific values. You can type the instructions into the cell where you want the calculation to take place, or you can use one of the many built-in functions in Excel.

For example, let’s say that you want to calculate the total cost of all the items in a sales order. You could type the following formula into a cell:


How to create an Excel formula?

Excel formulas are a powerful way to manipulate data in your spreadsheet. You can use them to calculate values, create references to other cells, and more. Here’s how to create an Excel formula:

  1. Start by entering the basic information you need in the cell where you want your formula to appear. For example, if you want to calculate the total value of a column of data, you would enter = SUM().
  2. Next, enter the precise calculations that you need in separate cells or ranges of cells. You can use the := operator to assign a value (like 5) to a cell reference (like A3), or you can use the +,-= operators to add, subtract, or multiply numbers together.
  3. When you’re finished calculating your formulas, press Enter (or Return on a Mac) to finish processing the data in that cell.

How to Write an Excel Formula?

An Excel formula is a series of commands that you use to calculate values in your spreadsheet. You can create formulas by hand, or you can use the Formula Editor to create them automatically.

To create a formula by hand, start by entering the text that you want to calculate into the cells in your spreadsheet. Then, follow the instructions below to enter your commands into the cells.

To create a formula using the Formula Editor, open the Formula Editor by clicking on the little triangle next to the “Formulas” tab at the top of your spreadsheet. Then, click on the “New” button to open up the New Formula dialog box.

Enter your basic command syntax into this dialog box, and then click on OK to save your new formula.

What are the different types of Excel formulas?

Excel formulas are used to manipulate data in the spreadsheet application. There are three main types of Excel formulas: Macros, VBA procedures, and worksheets.

Macros are short text strings that you create in your own workbook, and then use as commands within Excel. For example, you could create a macro to copy a block of data from one cell to another.

VBA procedures are blocks of code that you insert into your workbook as autonomous commands. These commands can perform various calculations or tasks on the data in your workbook. For example, you could create a procedure to calculate the total cost of products sold over a specified period of time.

Worksheets are special sheets in Excel that contain your data and the instructions for how to use Excel to manipulate it. By creating custom worksheets for specific tasks, you can reduce the amount of data that needs to be stored in each workbook.

How to use an Excel formula?

There are many ways to use formulas in Excel. This article will show you how to use the most common formulas.

To start, open your workbook and enter the following formula into cell A1:=AVERAGE(B2:B10)

The result of this formula is a number that represents the average of cells B2 through B10. You can output this number using any of Excel’s various formatting features, such as boldfacing or underlining.

What are the benefits of using an Excel formula?

An Excel formula is a set of instructions that you can use to calculate specific values in your spreadsheet. There are many benefits to using formulas: they’re easy to remember, they’re flexible, and they’re fast. Here are four reasons why you should start using formulas more often:

  1. They’re Easy to Remember

    When you create a spreadsheet, formulas are the easiest way to access specific data. You can easily reference a formula by name, which makes it easy to keep track of what you’re doing.

  2. They’re Flexible

    Formulas can be modified and adapted as needed. This flexibility comes in handy when you need to calculate different values multiple times within a single spreadsheet document.

  3. They’re Fast

    Formulas are executed immediately when you enter them into your spreadsheet, which means that they’ll run faster than traditional text-based calculations methods. This speed advantage can be especially important when your spreadsheet is loaded with large amounts of data.

Tips for Writing Effective Excel Formulas

Excel formulas can be a powerful tool for organizing data and performing calculations. Follow these tips to write effective formulas:

  1. Use logical operators to combine simple values into larger ones. For example, the formula =A2+B2 will add the two individual cells A2 and B2 together. To find the total value of a column of data, use the SUM function: cell C2=SUM(C1).
  2. Use parentheses to group values and control how the formula works. For example, the formula =A(B-C) will divide A by B minus C, and return the result in cell C2.
  3. Use precedence rules to determine which Excel function is called first. The most common functions are SUM(), AVERAGE(), VARIANCE(), MAX() and MIN(). Functions with higher precedence (a lower number) are called first. For example, SUM() is called before AVERAGE().
  4. Save your formulas in an easy-to-access location so you can easily use them again later. You can save your formulas in any of several ways: 1) Select Edit > Save As… from the main menu; 2) Click on the File tab, then select Save; or 3) Press Ctrl+S (Windows) or Command+S (Mac OS).

Questions to Ask When Writing an Excel Formula

  1. What is the purpose of the formula?
  2. What are the inputs and outputs of the formula?
  3. What functions are used in the formula?
  4. How do you format the results of a formula?
  5. How can you troubleshoot problems with formulas?

Troubleshooting Excel Formulas

If you’re having trouble with an Excel formula, there are a few things you can do to try and fix it. First, make sure that you have the correct syntax for the formula you’re trying to use. If you’re not familiar with Excel formulas, here is a quick primer on how they work:

An Excel formula consists of three parts: the name of the function, the arguments (the values you give it), and the parentheses. When you enter a formula into your worksheet, Excel automatically evaluates it using these rules:

The name of the function is always followed by a space and then the argument list. For example, =SUM(A1:A10).

The first argument is always A1 (the left-most column in your worksheet), and each subsequent argument gets numbers from left to right. So if there are 10 arguments in your function, A2 would be the second argument, A3 would be the third argument, and so on. You can also include wildcard characters (*) in your function names – this will match any number or character in the argument list. So =SUM(A1*B1+C1).

You can also omit any of these elements – for example, SUM() will sum up all entries in Column A regardless of what column B or C are in your worksheet. However, if you omit either of the parentheses (), Excel will assume that each argument is a single value and you’ll get an error message.

If you’re still having trouble with your formula, it’s worth checking to see if there is a typo. You can use the F3 key on your keyboard to open the “Find” dialog box and search for any errors in your formula. If that doesn’t work, you can try modifying the formula in some way and re-evaluating it – this can sometimes solve weird problems with formulas.


An Excel formula is a special type of computer code that enables you to automate tasks or produce specific results. They can be incredibly helpful when it comes to data management, budgeting, and other important tasks. If you’re not quite sure how an Excel formula works or what kinds of things you could use them for, this article should help clear things up. Stay tuned for more tips on using Excel formulas in the future!