4 models of effective teaching
Every student is unique and the learning style that works best for them will depend on the teacher. Rotating the methods of instruction used by teachers is one way to maximize their effectiveness in the classroom. This ensures that different students have access to the same mix.
Teachers can combine a variety of activities to make the classroom lively and engage their students.
Learning activities that are hands-on
When students are given the chance to make things, they often succeed. Research has shown that students are more likely to retain information if their brains are active in multiple areas. Judy Dodge, Scholastic author, explains that listening is only one way to activate the brain. If you are drawing and explaining to others, you’re connecting the brain.
While hands-on activities are a common feature of arts and science courses, they can be used for any subject. An English class might use the same approach, for example, having students make dioramas from scenes in books that they have read or assembling portfolios of writing. These projects are more engaging and meaningful for students than traditional exams and encourage independent, creative thinking.
Students can work together on a shared goal with collaborative projects. These projects are great for teaching students the value of cooperation and how to work with people who may be different than themselves. It can be beneficial to pair students with different skills so that, even though not all have the same talents and can still contribute in a meaningful way.
Students can collaborate to encourage productive dialogue among themselves and to promote debate. Students can make better executive decisions and listen to other’s suggestions by choosing from different approaches to meet project requirements.
According to a National Survey on Student Engagement (NSSE), well-structured collaborative projects help students learn:
- Reduce complex tasks into smaller parts and take steps
- Time management is key.
- Discussion and explanation can help you to understand the concepts better
- Get feedback about your performance
- Refute assumptions
- Develop stronger communication skills
It can be a rewarding and exciting experience to give students the opportunity to put classroom learning into practice. The teacher helps students see the tangible benefits of their learning and reinforces the belief that their studies are worthwhile and productive. Experiential learning can be integrated into lesson plans throughout the year through activities such as field trips to the local area.
Participatory activities in the classroom, as well as direct instruction for homework (also known as the Flipped Classroom), are great ways to get students interested in the material.
Instruction in direct
Direct instruction is often compared to the traditional classroom system, but its effectiveness has not declined over time. Direct instruction can help students understand the why behind what they are doing.
It is important to focus on the larger concepts when introducing a lesson. Individual facts can distract from the main message. Direct instruction helps establish order and minimize disruptions in the classroom.
These are not the only methods of teaching a class. However, engaging students with a rotation between these strategies can keep the classroom lively and stimulating.